Edgar Julius Jung was a German lawyer, politician, and writer who played a significant role in the Weimar Republic and the rise of the Nazi Party. Born on March 6, 1894, in Ludwigshafen, Germany, Jung studied law and economics in Munich and Heidelberg before serving in the First World War.
After the war, Jung became involved in politics, joining the German National People’s Party (DNVP) and serving as a member of the Reichstag from 1929 to 1930. He was also a prolific writer, publishing a number of books and essays on political and economic issues.
Jung was a conservative nationalist who opposed the democratic government of the Weimar Republic and called for a return to authoritarian rule. He was one of the architects of the “Harzburg Front,” a coalition of right-wing parties that opposed the Weimar Republic and called for the establishment of an authoritarian state.
Jung was also an early supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, believing that they offered the best chance to create the kind of authoritarian state he envisioned. In 1933, Jung became a member of the Nazi Party and was appointed head of the legal department of the SA, the Nazi Party’s paramilitary organization.
However, Jung’s relationship with the Nazi Party was short-lived. In 1934, he wrote a memorandum critical of Hitler’s policies, particularly his suppression of conservative opposition to the Nazi regime. The memorandum, known as the “Marburg Speech,” was leaked to the press, and Jung was arrested and executed on July 1, 1934, during the “Night of the Long Knives,” a purge of the Nazi Party’s internal opposition.
Jung’s legacy remains controversial. Some see him as a tragic figure, a man who had good intentions but was ultimately consumed by the forces he helped to unleash. Others see him as a warning, a reminder of the dangers of authoritarianism and the risks of collaborating with extremist movements.
Regardless of how one views Jung, there is no denying that his life and death offer important lessons about the dangers of political extremism and the importance of upholding democratic values in times of crisis.