The State of Dictatorship: Overview of Living Dictators in 2023

Dictatorship is a form of government where an individual or a small group holds absolute power, often obtained through undemocratic means such as military coups, election fraud, or violent suppression of opposition. Dictators are known for their disregard for human rights, lack of accountability, and tendency to concentrate wealth and resources in their own hands.

As of 2023, there are still several countries in the world that are ruled by authoritarian regimes, with leaders who have been in power for many years or even decades. Here are some of the most prominent living dictators:

Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) meets with North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un in Vladivostok, Russia April 25, 2019. Sputnik/Alexei Nikolsky/Kremlin via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS – THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY.
  • Kim Jong-un – North Korea Kim Jong-un has been the supreme leader of North Korea since 2011, following the death of his father, Kim Jong-il. He inherited a regime that has been described as one of the most oppressive in modern history, with widespread human rights abuses, forced labor, and extreme censorship. North Korea is also known for its nuclear weapons program, which has been the subject of international sanctions.
首相官邸, CC BY 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
  • Xi Jinping – China Xi Jinping has been the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2012, and the President of China since 2013. He has consolidated power in his hands and abolished term limits, effectively allowing him to rule indefinitely. Under his leadership, China has faced criticism for its human rights record, including the persecution of ethnic and religious minorities, censorship of the media, and suppression of political dissent.
  • Vladimir Putin – Russia Vladimir Putin has been the President of Russia since 2000, with a brief stint as Prime Minister from 2008 to 2012. He has been accused of suppressing opposition, limiting press freedom, and overseeing the assassination of political opponents. His government has also been implicated in the annexation of Crimea and the ongoing conflict in Ukraine.
  • Bashar al-Assad – Syria Bashar al-Assad has been the President of Syria since 2000, succeeding his father, Hafez al-Assad. His regime has been accused of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity during the Syrian civil war, which began in 2011. The conflict has led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people and the displacement of millions.
The White House from Washington, DC, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
  • Abdel Fattah el-Sisi – Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been the President of Egypt since 2014, following a military coup that ousted the democratically elected government of Mohamed Morsi. His regime has been criticized for human rights abuses, including the mass arrest and torture of political dissidents, and the suppression of freedom of expression and assembly.
source: M.husseiny1, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
  • Isaias Afwerki – Eritrea Isaias Afwerki has been the President of Eritrea since 1993, when the country gained independence from Ethiopia. His regime has been accused of arbitrary detention, torture, and forced labor, as well as suppression of freedom of speech and religion. Eritrea has been described as one of the most closed and repressive countries in the world.

In conclusion, dictatorship remains a significant challenge to global peace, stability, and human rights. While the exact net worth of living dictators may be difficult to ascertain, their legacy of oppression and abuse is a matter of public record. The international community has a responsibility to hold these leaders accountable for their actions, and to support the aspirations of people

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