|Birthdate||February 20, 1901|
|Notable Projects||Salk Institute for Biological Studies, National Assembly Building in Dhaka, Kimbell Art Museum|
|Education||University of Pennsylvania|
|Awards||AIA Gold Medal, RIBA Gold Medal, National Medal of Arts|
|Famous Quote||“A great building must begin with the unmeasurable, must go through measurable means when it is being designed and in the end must be unmeasurable.”|
Louis Kahn was an Estonian-Russian-Jewish American architect born in Parnu, then part of the Russian Empire, in 1901. Kahn’s work was heavily influenced by his early life in Estonia. There he was exposed to different architectural styles and traditions. After moving to the United States in 1906, he became one of the most famous and influential architects of the 20th century.
Despite his numerous achievements, Khan did not accumulate much wealth in his lifetime.He is known for his humble lifestyle, wearing the same clothes and driving the same car for years. I often did. In fact, he famously refused to undertake certain projects that he felt were not in keeping with his artistic vision or ethical principles, even if the potential financial rewards were significant.
One of Khan’s most famous projects is the Salk Institute for Biology in La Jolla, California, which he designed in the 1950s. The building is known for his striking modernist designs, with clean lines and simple geometric shapes that reflect the natural landscape. Salk His Institute is one of Khan’s most enduring legacies and continues to inspire architects and designers around the world.
Another of Khan’s notable projects is the Parliament Building in Dhaka, Bangladesh, designed in the late 1960s. The building is often considered one of the greatest architectural achievements of the 20th century, featuring towering concrete forms and utilization of natural light and ventilation. Unfortunately, Khan didn’t live to see the project’s completion, as he died of a heart attack in a New York City train station toilet upon returning from his 1974 trip to India.
Despite his relatively modest financial position, Louis Kahn’s impact on the world of architecture is immense. His work continues to inspire architects and designers today, and his legacy lives on in the many buildings he designed and the many students he taught while he was a professor at the Yale School of Architecture. lives on through
Here is a timeline of Louis Kahn’s life and career:
- 1901: Louis Kahn is born in Pärnu, Estonia.
- 1906: Kahn and his family immigrate to the United States, settling in Philadelphia.
- 1920: Kahn begins studying architecture at the University of Pennsylvania.
- 1924: Kahn graduates from the University of Pennsylvania and begins working as an apprentice for several architectural firms in Philadelphia.
- 1932: Kahn establishes his own architectural practice in Philadelphia.
- 1947: Kahn begins teaching at the Yale School of Architecture, where he becomes known for his innovative approach to design.
- 1951: Kahn designs the Trenton Bath House, which is widely considered his first major commission.
- 1953: Kahn is named a fellow of the American Institute of Architects.
- 1955: Kahn is appointed a professor of architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
- 1957: Kahn designs the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, which becomes one of his most famous projects.
- 1961: Kahn returns to Philadelphia and establishes a new architectural practice.
- 1963: Kahn begins work on the National Assembly Building in Dhaka, Bangladesh, which becomes one of his most ambitious projects.
- 1972: The National Assembly Building in Dhaka is completed, but Kahn does not live to see it due to his untimely death.
- 1974: Kahn dies of a heart attack in a train station restroom in New York City.
This timeline highlights some of the key moments in Louis Kahn’s life and career, from his early years in Philadelphia to his most famous architectural projects and his untimely death.
Here are 5 interesting facts about Louis Kahn and 5 quotes from him:
- Louis Kahn was born on an island in Estonia and spent his early years traveling across Europe with his family.
- He was known for his innovative approach to building design, often incorporating geometric shapes and natural light into his work.
- Despite his influence in the field of architecture, Kahn did not become a household name until after his death.
- Kahn’s projects were often known for their monumental scale and ability to create a sense of awe in those who experienced them.
- Kahn was deeply committed to his work and spent many hours in his studio, often working late into the night to perfect his designs.
- “A great building must begin with the unmeasurable, must go through measurable means when it is being designed and in the end must be unmeasurable.”
- “Architecture is not about space but about time.”
- “Design is not making beauty; beauty emerges from selection, affinities, integration, love.”
- “The sun does not realize how wonderful it is until after a room is made.”
- “You say to a brick, ‘What do you want, brick?’ And brick says to you, ‘I like an arch.’ And you say to brick, ‘Look, I want one, too, but arches are expensive and I can use a concrete lintel.’ And then you say: ‘What do you think of that, brick?’ Brick says: ‘I like an arch.'”